Friday, March 16, 2012

Cold War Thermometer- Erin Gallagher 1st period

1- Bay of Pigs
The CIA's plan to overthrow Castro by sending in Cuban exiles. (failed)
2-Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviets sent missiles to Cuba that would destroy all of the United States.
3-Vietnam War
Vietcong caused many deaths among citizens, The Golf of Tonkin Incident (United States boats torpedoed), unfamiliar terrain, and war is unpopular at home.
4-Korean War
North Korea invades South Korea, The UN troops pushed the North Koreans almost to Chinese border, brink of nuclear war, and General MacArthur bombs bridges.
5-Chinese Civil War
Communist movement grows, Jiang Jieshisaves best troops for Japanese, nationalist sides to communist
6-Conflict in Afghanistan
Soviets invade Aghanistan,Muslims rebel, supported by the United States
7-Cultural Revolution
A major uprising led by The Red Gaurds (students that pledged their devotion to Mao Zedong), the goal was to establish a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal.
8-Conflict in Hungary
Hungarian army joined protestors to overthrow Hungary's soviet-controlled government, stormed through capital, Demanded Soviets to leave, and they return to a communist state.
9-Civil War in Iran
10-Civil War in Nicaragua
The United Statees aided the leadership of Somoza in Nicaragua and rhe anti-communist forces (Contras), lasted more than a decade, seriously weakend the economy, President Ortega agreed to host free elections, and the Sandistas were defeated in the election.
11-Conflict Czechoslovakia
Leader: Brezhnev, quickly adopted repressive domestic policies, the party wanted to eliminate freedom of speech and worship, Communist leader: Dubeck, loosend censorship, Prague Spring "bloomed with new ideas, and Brezhnev Doctrine
12-Berlin Airlift
Soviets wanted to keep their enemy weak and divided, France, Britain, and the US withdraw their forces from Germany and allow their occupation zaones to form one nation, Soviets hold West Berlin hostage, Berlin faced starvation, and 1949 Soviets lift the blockade.

Friday, February 24, 2012

Post #11 WWII: Erin Gallagher

    The Battle of Guadalcanal took place on August 7th 1942. Douglas MacArthur was the commander of the allied land forces and came up with the strategy of island hopping to get Coleridge to Japan by only attacking the areas around the country. The Japanese built an airbase and the allies attacked them to put a stop to their progress.
    This struggle for land lasted 6 months and ended up being on of the longest Pacific theater battles. Named the Island of Death, 24,000 of the 36,000 Japan soldiers died. The United States lost 2 cruisers and 7 destroyers while the Japanese had lost 2 battleships, 1 cruiser, 2 dstroyers, and 10 transports. This battle mainly affected the marines and army troops for both countries. This battle was significant because it was a major turning point in the Pacific theater during World War II. Also because this is when allied forces began to fight an offensive battle in the Pacific during this time.

    In the Battle of Tobruk Italian troops try to take over Egypt for conrtol over the Suez Canal from Great Britain. Hitler sent Afrika corps, or tanks, led by Erwin Rommel. By soing this the Italians seized Tobruk. The allied forces captured 115,000 Italian prisoners and destroyed Italian forces.
    The battle of Tobruk was significant because it showed the the German blitzkrieg could be stopped and it was the first time that this was ever done. This battle also implied the Rommel could be defeated and stopped before they were able to attack Eypyt. The main groups affected by the Battle of Tobruk from the axis and allied powers were Italy, Germany, Britain, Australia, and America.

Friday, February 10, 2012

Erin Gallagher- Axis Powers #10

Hitler, Mussolini, and Hirohito all had the same goal of conquering other lands in order to expand their power. Hirohito, in Japan, had attempted to conquer Manchuria. Mussolini, in Italy, had attempted to take over Ethiopia and Albania. He wanted Ethiopia for natural resources and revenge and he also wanted Albania for control over the Adriatic sea. Hitler, from Germany, wanted Czechoslovakia in order to gain more land, power, and "living space." Anchlus was not allowed, however hitler still formed an alliance with Austria. Thirdly, was the Rhineland, which was the 30 mile buffer zone between France and Germany. Germany had decided to advance into this land. Also, there was the rearmament. Hitler decided to rebuild the German army after World War One. Lastly, is Sudetenland. This was the land Hitler wanted in Czechoslovakia in order gain power and because it was made up with German speaking Czechs. During the Munich Confrenece, representatives from Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. While they were at the Munich Confrence, Britain and France agreed to ket nazi Germany annex part of Czechlosovakia in return for respect from Hitler.

Thursday, January 26, 2012

#9 Stalin: Erin Gallagher

In order to improve people's lives Stalin is that he increased the output of goods for the Soviet Union. He also improves women's rights and educational opportunities for many people. This improved and increased opportunities for many people of lower class. Stalin also improved health care for the citizens which was another factor that improved the standard of living. Lastly, he improved the modernization of the soviet union. This helped to improve people's lives because it improved the lives an industries in the soviet union.

Along with Stalin's positive impacts there are also negative impacts on the Soviet Union. In collective farming the kulaks, wealthy peasants, were eliminated by the Soviet Union's government. For Stalin's five year plan, production of consumer goods were eliminated as well and they were shortages of housing, food, clothing, and other necessary goods. Stalin built a police system to maintain his power. The police used tanks and amoured cars to stop nots.he also replaced religion with communism and religious leaders were sent to labor camps or killed.

Stalin was a good leader because he improved the country over all.

Friday, December 2, 2011

#8 Social Studies Times (China and Japan)

The Taiping Rebellion
At least 20 million to 40 million people died last week during the failed rebellion. Hong organized a peasant army of 1 million people. The purpose of this rebellion was to take over large areas ins south eastern China. To make a kingdom of great peace, he named Nanjing the capital. Britain and France enforced attacks and the Taiping government was brought down.
"The Boxer Rebellion"
Empress Cixi Reforms
Empress Cixi has been in power since 1862 and is supporting reforms such as education, diplomatic service, and military. Some government leaders call for reforms that reflect Western ways, while others want to keep the traditional ways and have not been excepting change very well.
Empress Cixi
Open Door Policy
China has recently enforced the Open Door Policy which allows China's "doors" to be open to merchants from other countries. The US proposed this policy because they feared that China would be split up into colonies.This policy will give equal opportunity for other nations to trade with China.
Open Door Policy
Treaty of Kanagawa
This year (1854) an agreement between the United States and Japan had taken place. This agreement opened two Japanese ports to United States ship so they could take on supplies.Other Western powers followed the United States and Japan granted foreigners permission to trade at several other ports.
Treaty of Kanagawa
Meiji Era
The Tokugawa shogun has stepped down. This ends the military dictatorship which has been in place since the 12th century. Mutsuhito has now officially taken control and he has chosen the name Meiji, meaning "enlightened rule". Political reforms that have been taken place are the adoption of the German army and the British navy. The educational reform that has been proposed is the adoption of the American public education system. Finally, the economic reforms that are taking place are western industrialization, construction of railroads, construction of factories for products like tea and silk, and ship building.
Occupation of Korea
Japan and China have both decided to sign a "hands of agreement" regarding Korea.This agreement included that neither Japan or China would send their army over to Korea but China has broken this rule. In order to fight off the Chinese troops, Japan has sent in it's army. This has been named the Sino-Japanese War and is nearing an end after a few months. Many say that a peace treaty is now being drafted.
Occupation of Korea: map

Friday, October 28, 2011

#6 Industrial Revolution: Erin Gallagher

The working conditions during the Industrial Revolution that caused workers in western countries to organize was that workers had low wages, poor housing, long hours, injuries caused by harsh working conditions, and more. In order to improve these conditions they went on strikes, demanding shorter hours and better pay. They formed labor unions in order to come together and recieve better working conditions.

Tuesday, October 18, 2011

#5 Revolutions in the Arts Erin Gallagher

Romantisicm- often times nature, shows emotion or expression
Impressionism- a picture showing a moment in time
Realism- shows what life is actually like, not how it should be

Realism Painting:
Meissonier, Memory of the Civil war, 1848. This shows realism because it is a picture of what really happened durinmg the Civil War.
Impressionism Painting:
Claude Monet, Cliff Walk at Pourville, 1882. This shows impressionism because it shows a moment in time.
Romanticism Painting:
Pierre Auguste Cot, The Storm, 1880. This shows Romanticism because it is a colorful painting that shows emotion.