Friday, December 2, 2011

#8 Social Studies Times (China and Japan)

The Taiping Rebellion
At least 20 million to 40 million people died last week during the failed rebellion. Hong organized a peasant army of 1 million people. The purpose of this rebellion was to take over large areas ins south eastern China. To make a kingdom of great peace, he named Nanjing the capital. Britain and France enforced attacks and the Taiping government was brought down.
"The Boxer Rebellion"
Empress Cixi Reforms
Empress Cixi has been in power since 1862 and is supporting reforms such as education, diplomatic service, and military. Some government leaders call for reforms that reflect Western ways, while others want to keep the traditional ways and have not been excepting change very well.
Empress Cixi
Open Door Policy
China has recently enforced the Open Door Policy which allows China's "doors" to be open to merchants from other countries. The US proposed this policy because they feared that China would be split up into colonies.This policy will give equal opportunity for other nations to trade with China.
Open Door Policy
Treaty of Kanagawa
This year (1854) an agreement between the United States and Japan had taken place. This agreement opened two Japanese ports to United States ship so they could take on supplies.Other Western powers followed the United States and Japan granted foreigners permission to trade at several other ports.
Treaty of Kanagawa
Meiji Era
The Tokugawa shogun has stepped down. This ends the military dictatorship which has been in place since the 12th century. Mutsuhito has now officially taken control and he has chosen the name Meiji, meaning "enlightened rule". Political reforms that have been taken place are the adoption of the German army and the British navy. The educational reform that has been proposed is the adoption of the American public education system. Finally, the economic reforms that are taking place are western industrialization, construction of railroads, construction of factories for products like tea and silk, and ship building.
Mutsuhito
Occupation of Korea
Japan and China have both decided to sign a "hands of agreement" regarding Korea.This agreement included that neither Japan or China would send their army over to Korea but China has broken this rule. In order to fight off the Chinese troops, Japan has sent in it's army. This has been named the Sino-Japanese War and is nearing an end after a few months. Many say that a peace treaty is now being drafted.
Occupation of Korea: map